Found in the tropical waters of the western Atlantic Ocean from Florida to Brazil including the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, the Trumpetfish usually lives near grassy or weedy areas or coral reefs.
It has a long body and a thin snout. Its body is usually mottled reddish brown although some may be yellow or green, with blue or purple heads.
- Trumpetfish, a master of camouflage
This fish makes a very good ninja with its camouflage skills. Besides camouflaging as vertical corals by floating vertically, it looks like a floating stick when it floats horizontally. It can also change colours to camouflage with its surroundings.
Here’s a video of a Trumpetfish changing colours:
- Trumpetfish can swim vertically
The long and thin Trumpetfish swims vertically when it is in an ambush position. This way, they blend in with vertical corals while they target their prey.
- Trumpetfish “vacuums” up its food
To catch food, the Trumpetfish uses larger fish as camouflage and shadow its prey until it finds the right moment to strike. As it floats vertically, it “vacuums” its prey up. This method is called pipette feeding.
Its mouth can stretch beyond the diameter of its body while it sucks up its prey. Talk about biting off more than you can chew.
- Male Trumpetfish carry the babies
Similar to its relative the seahorse, male Trumpetfish carry the eggs. The female Trumpetfish transfers the eggs to the male after courtship. The male fertilises the eggs and carries them in a pouch until they are born.
The Trumpetfish courtship includes a mating dance. Watch it here: